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Aspiration refers to the delay of vibration of the vocal cords after the production of a voiceless consonant.


There is a short period of air stream heard as a 'h'-like puff, designated with the phonetic symbol [h], as in English pin: [phɪn].


In some languages (cf. English) aspiration is predictable and position-bound.


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


  • Chomsky, Noam A. & Halle, Morris. 1968. The sound pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Kenstowicz, M. and C. Kisseberth. 1979. Generative Phonology: Description and Theory. New York: Academic Press.