Noun (Latin nomen)
In older Western grammar based on the Latin tradition, the term noun is used for a word class that inflects for case, i.e. (in Latin and similar Indo-European languages) a class comprising both nouns and adjectives.
The category of nomen is subclassified into the following subtypes: nomen substantivum, nomen adjectivum, nomen numerale etc. This terminology is still current in Russian (imja), Hebrew (toʔar) and other European languages.
- In English, noun more often refers to a word class that prototypically expresses things: see noun.