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In phonetics/phonology, a vowel is a speech sound in whose articulation the oral part of the breath channel is not constricted enough to cause audible friction.

Term properties

A relational adjective from vowel that is occasionally used is vocalic.


Speech sounds with audible constriction are called consonants; sounds intermediate between vowels and consonants are called semi-vowels (not "semi-consonants").


The word goes back to French voyelle, from Latin (littera) vocalis 'voice letter' (from vox 'voice').

Other languages

French voyelle German Vokal


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics

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