Latin Marcu-s rosa-m vidit [Marcus-NOM rose-ACC saw] ‘Marcus saw a rose’.
Latin casus accusativus is a loan translation of Greek ptoosis aitiatikee. It is generally regarded as an infelicitous translation, because Greek aitiatikee seems to have been intended as meaning ‘relating to causing’, not ‘related to accusing’ (the Greek word is polysemous).
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