International Phonetic Alphabet

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The International Phonetic Alphabet (commonly known as the IPA) is a set of symbols associated with speech sounds, designed for use in describing and comparing the pronunciations of all of the spoken languages of the world. It is produced by the International Phonetic Association (also abbreviated IPA).

The International Phonetic Alphabet was first published in 1887. The most recent revision was made in 2005. The alphabet is divided into sections:


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics The alphabet at the International Phonetic Association An example of the alphabet with accompanying audio illustrations