- emphasis (in Semitic linguistics)
“Pharyngealization, where the root of the tongue is drawn back towards the back wall of the pharynx (or alternatively where the constrictor muscles of the pharynx reduce its diameter), gives a very similar auditory effect as a secondary articulation to that of valarization.” (Laver 1994:326-327)
- Laver, John. 1994. Principles of phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.